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Intermediate – Middle School
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Historica Canada

The Canadian Encyclopedia Teacher Guide

The Canadian Encyclopedia

The Canadian Encyclopedia is a free, bilingual resource of over 20,000 fact-checked articles and learning tools about Canada's history and culture. The Canadian Encyclopedia has hundreds of resources for teachers including timelines, quizzes and education guides covering provincial and territorial curriculum topics for social sciences & history, Indigenous studies, geography & sciences, civics and more. Visit thecanadianencyclopedia.ca.
Elementary – Primary
Historica Canada's profile picture Created by
Historica Canada

Aboriginal Arts & Stories Teacher's Kit

This learning tool is intended to help teachers support their students in the Aboriginal Arts & Stories competition. Using this guide, educators can assist Indigenous youth with the creative process of developing their art and writing. It offers suggestions for dealing with sensitive issues, for motivating Indigenous students, and for encouraging youth to reflect on culture, identity and expression.


Designing Heritage Artwork


Overview


A lesson plan that gives students a chance to celebrate their heritage and have fun at the same time.

Aims


  • to explore and define the meaning of heritage
  • to examine how postage stamps or tattoos create and deliver their messages visually
  • to have students design their own heritage stamp, tattoo or other piece of art

Activities


Time Allowance:
45 minutes - 1 hour

Procedures:

Defining heritage: Have students watch some of the Historica Canada Heritage Minutes. What information is each of...

Tom Thomson


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Tom Thomson biography from The Canadians series. Thomson is famous for his paintings of the Canadian landscape and his association with members of what became known as The Group of Seven painters.

Aims


In a series of brainstorming and writing activites, students will learn about Tom Thomson, The Group of Seven, and Canadian art.

Background


From amateur artist to national icon, Tom Thomson sprang into Canada’s collective memory in only a few short...

Nell Shipman


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Nell Shipman biography from The Canadians series. Shipman was a silent screen legend who is credited with performing her own stunts, filming the first nude scene, and being a devoted animal rights activist.

Aims


Students will explore the life and accomplishments of Shipman, paying particular attention to her concern for animal rights.

Background


Filmmaking as we know it today began little more than a century ago with the birth of silent screen...

Ruby Keeler


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Ruby Keeler biography from The Canadians series. Keeler was an actor and performer who made her film debut in 42nd Street, which kicked off a string a musical hits in the 1930's starring Keeler.

Aims


In a variety of creative and role-playing exercises, students will examine Keeler's contributions to the art world, and reflect on the times in which she lived.

Background


Ruby Keeler was born on August 25, 1910 in Halifax, NS and immigrated with her...

Flashes in Time: Explorer Tableaux


Overview


Students will, after researching background information on early exploration of Canada (Cabot, Cartier, Champlain, Frobisher and Hudson), role play/create tableaux based on situations in which contact was made between the explorers and Indigenous people.

Aims


Main objectives of the project: Through role playing of historical situations (and creation of representative tableaux), students will demonstrate an understanding of how contact between people in Canada’s early history resulted...

John McCrae



Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the John McCrae Heritage Minute, which shows Canadian Army surgeon John McCrae writing the famous poem, "In Flanders Fields."

Aims


Students will discuss the meaning, imagery, language and message of the poem, "In Flanders Fields."

Students will study the poem, "In Flanders Fields" and discuss its language, imagery, and message. They will compare this poem with other poems about the First World War, and discuss whether they contain realistic...

Winnie


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Heritage Minute, "Winnie," which recounts the true story of the Canadian soldier's bear that became the inspiration for writer A.A. Milne.

Aims


Students will discuss the cultural importance of meaningful symbols by looking at how animals are personified and anthropomorphized in literature and popular culture.

Secondary students can often learn a great deal about common literary themes and devices through exploring childrens' stories. These...

Stratford


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Historica Minute, "Stratford." In 1953, entrepreneur Tom Patterson and artistic director Tyrone Guthrie transformed Stratford, Ontario, from a small railroad town into the Canadian home of Shakespearean drama. The Stratford Festival attracted international recognition and served as the prototype for dozens of other Canadian festivals.

Aims


Students will understand the development of the Stratford Festival and its impact on the Arts in Canada by...

Remembrance Day: Integrated Arts Lesson Plan


Background


Start this activity by introducing your students to Canadian writer John McCrae with the Heritage Minute about his poem "In Flanders Field" and to the Unknown Soldier by reading "Waiting in Line" from Chicken Soup for the Canadian Soul (text below).

"
Waiting in Line"

As I approached the Peace Tower at the Parliament Buildings in Ottawa I saw it: a line of orderly, polite, patient, Canadians - waiting. Without a word, I joined the line and many more followed. The young man in front...

Canada's Other Ice Show


Overview


This lesson plan is based on viewing the Footprint videos for Barbara Ann Scott, the Jelineks, and Petra Burka. Artistry or athleticism? The one has been the doppelganger of the other throughout the history of figure skating. Can a sport that judges athletic performance as a creative expression be a sport at all?

Aims


To increase student consciousness of the history of Canadian success in figure skating; to increase student appreciation for the pioneers of figure skating in Canada;...

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