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Military History
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First World War Education Guide

The First World War, often called “the Great War,” was a global conflict that divided many of the world’s nations into two opposing camps, called the Allies (originally the Triple Entente) and the Central Powers. From 1914 through the end of hostilities in 1918, more countries joined the conflict out of necessity or opportunism, including Japan, the United States and the Ottoman Empire.

The war had disastrous consequences for many Canadian individuals, families and communities: approximately...

Remembrance Through Making a Student Minute

One of the biggest criticisms our veterans have of “younger” generations is their lack of remembrance. One could argue that the reason younger generations struggle with the concept of remembrance is a lack of personal connection. The intent of this project is to make remembrance personal for the students by having them produce a Student Heritage Minute. The research that comes with this project brings the identity and character of the deceased soldier to the students first hand.

Aims

1....

The Push/Pull Factors Involved in European Immigration to Canada at the Turn of the 20th Century


Aims


Demonstrates knowledge of the push-pull factors involved in European immigration to Canada at the turn of the 20th century. Includes an understanding of the diversity of experiences according to country of origin, gender, religion, government, climate, occupation, and social class.

Activities


Time Allowance:
One class for set up and introduction. One class for beginning poster production. Specified homework time for homework.

Objective:
Demonstrates knowledge of the push-pull factors...

Madame La Bolduc


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Madame La Bolduc biography from The Canadians series. It explores the personality and career of Mary Travers Bolduc, who was one of Québec's greatest singing sensations. She was one of the first recording artists to give the Québecois a sense of pride in their language.

Aims


With a variety of writing and role-playing activities, students will consider the accomplishments of La Bolduc. Students will reflect on her career within its historical...

Memento Mori: Bringing the Classroom to the Cemetery


Overview


Early graveyards offer the educator a unique opportunity to employ primary historical information to engage and excite students as they learn about their local history. Information gained from the stones relating to birth and death dates, surnames, and family relationships have a practical application in the study of history. Gravestones should also be viewed as a form of expression capable of providing insight into aspects of eighteenth and nineteenth century life. The visual...
Military History

Over the Top: Battle of the Somme


Overview


During World War I, trench warfare was used and often caused the momentum of the war to reach a standstill. Both sides suffered heavy casualties. At the Battle of the Somme, the allies sought to shatter the German trenches with a massive attack and win the war. The first day of this battle holds the record for the most losses in a single day.

Aims


To have students develop a better appreciation of the physical efforts made by soldiers when going "over the top." To get students out of...
Social History

People That Change the World - Trading Cards


Overview


This lesson focuses on understanding what Margaret Mead meant by her famous quote: "Never doubt that a small group of committed individuals can change the world: indeed, it's the only thing that ever does."

Aims


The aim of this lesson is to teach the students the following:

  • to be able to research successfully using the Internet establishing authority of source.
  • to be able to define and provide examples of change.
  • to be able to glean important statistics and quotes.
  • to visually...
Military History

Seeing Red: The Battle of the Somme


Overview


The primary goal of this lesson is to help students to understand the importance of the Battle of the Somme during the First World War and its effects on Canada and Newfoundland.

Aims


  • Students will gain a greater understanding and appreciation of a specific aspect of the Great War
  • To familiarize students with the military contributions and human sacrifice of the Newfoundland Regiment in the Great War
  • To enhance the students’ understanding of the inherent difficulties and deplorable...
Military History

War Gravesites as Expressions of Nationalism


Overview


When honouring our war dead, how do nations express nationalism and maintain the memory of the dead individually and/or collectively?

Aims


Students will gain an appreciation for how the forces of nationalism have shaped and continue to shape Canada and the world. They will explore a range of expressions of nationalism and develop understandings of nation and nationalism (in relation to land, geography, collectivism, citizenship, ethnicity, culture, languages, politics, spiritualism,...

Social Studies 10 - Concept Map


Overview


Students will use concept maps to explore the following topics, as well as any others they feel are important to the development of Canada up to the 20th Century.

Rebellions
Confederation
Canadian Pacific Railroad
Economy
US Relations
Government
Human growth and development

Aims


The concept maps will help students to review and prepare for the final exam. They will also provide the teacher with an accurate picture of what the students actually understand.

Background


A Concept Map is a...
Political History

Spending the Surplus


Overview


Students will demonstrate an understanding of the challenges of governing communities or societies in which diverse value systems, multiple perspectives, and differing civic purposes coexist.

Aims


Skills
  • research and inquiry (ie. formulating questions, note taking)
  • writing a persuasive proposal (including editing and revising)
  • group work (ie. collaboration)
  • role-playing

Activities


Time Allowance:
4 periods of 75 min.

Procedures:

Scenario

The federal government has decided to consult the...

Six-String Nation Guitar


Overview


Inspired by the Six String Nation Guitar, students will produce something (quilt, boat, sculpture) made up of significant historical materials in their locale. Students are to document their research and produce a visual documentary that tells the story of their product.

Aims


Students will use the following skills in this project

  • Story-telling/creating a narrative
  • Research skills
  • Critical judgment
  • Creativity
  • Synthesis
  • Cooperation
  • Interviewing
  • Film-Production

Background


CBC radio...
Military History

Sir Arthur Currie


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Sir Arthur Currie biography from The Canadians series. Despite the many controversies surrounding his career, Currie was one of the most successful Canadian military leaders during the First World War.

Aims


The biography of Sir Arthur Currie is a good way to introduce the study of the First World War. Students will compare Currie to other military leaders and study several war poems.

Background


Sir Arthur Currie, or ‘Guts and Gaiters’ as he was...

Louis Cyr


Overview


This lesson is based on viewing the Louis Cyr biography from The Canadians series. At the end of the nineteenth century, Louis Cyr - the strong man from Canada - was arguably the best-known Canadian in the world, but an unhealthy lifestyle resulted in his early death at age 49 from overeating.

Aims


In a variety of activities, students will consider the life and accomplishments of Louis Cyr within historical context and in relationship to other athletes. Cyr's story also provides an...

Remembrance Day: Memories, Letters, Sacrifice

Aims


Students should:
- Know that democracy depends on the participation of the citizens
- Participate appropriately and effectively in groups
- Research for specific information
- Demonstrate an attitude of acceptance of diverse values
- Read, view and listen effectively to gather ideas and information
- Classify and present pertinent information in logical order.

Students should be able to :
- Present ideas clearly and at a rate that enables others to follow
- Explain personal viewpoint clearly
-...

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