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Research and Writing
Intermediate – Middle School
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Primary Source Pyramid

3D Pyramid: 5 Steps to Analyze Primary Sources

THE 5WS: Question the source. Who created it? When and where was it created? What is the source about? Why was the source created?
CONTEXT: Situate the source in space and time, placing it in the wider picture of history. What else was happening at the time?
EXPLORING: Examine the details of the source. What is it about? What words, images or symbols are used? What was its purpose?
REACHING CONCLUSIONS: Use context, evidence and observations to...
Intermediate – Middle School
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The Canadian Encyclopedia Teacher Guide

The Canadian Encyclopedia

The Canadian Encyclopedia is a free, bilingual resource of over 20,000 fact-checked articles and learning tools about Canada's history and culture. The Canadian Encyclopedia has hundreds of resources for teachers including timelines, quizzes and education guides covering provincial and territorial curriculum topics for social sciences & history, Indigenous studies, geography & sciences, civics and more. Visit thecanadianencyclopedia.ca.
Elementary – Primary
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Aboriginal Arts & Stories Teacher's Kit

This learning tool is intended to help teachers support their students in the Aboriginal Arts & Stories competition. Using this guide, educators can assist Indigenous youth with the creative process of developing their art and writing. It offers suggestions for dealing with sensitive issues, for motivating Indigenous students, and for encouraging youth to reflect on culture, identity and expression.


Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Newspapers

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

These worksheets accompany the video Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Newspapers, which explores two newspaper accounts from Le Canada and The Globe in the days following the Battle of Vimy Ridge.

To complete these worksheets, students may...
Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Letters

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

These worksheets accompany the video Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Letters (Francis Bathe), which explores a letter written by Francis Bathe to his sister May following his experiences at the Battle of Vimy Ridge.

To complete these...
Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Pictures

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

These worksheets accompany the video Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Pictures. This video explores the image commonly known as The Taking of Vimy Ridge.

To complete these worksheets, students may want to watch the videos more than once....
Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Introduction to Vimy

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets. The following activities provide an introduction to the Battle of Vimy Ridge and working with primary sources.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

To complete these worksheets, students may want to watch the videos more than once. Turning on the subtitles can help second...
Intermediate – Middle School
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Vimy 100 History Lens Tool Kit

The Vimy 100 History Lens Tool Kit is designed to help educators and
students deepen their knowledge and think critically about the Battle of
Vimy Ridge on the anniversary of its centennial. Students and teachers are
asked to reflect on the importance of Vimy Ridge to Canada’s historical
narrative, and what it means to Canada today. This learning tool includes
activities to prepare students for their trip to Vimy, to engage students
while in France, and to reflect on their visit to Vimy after...
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Aboriginal Arts & Stories: Junior Art Teacher's Guide

The Junior Art learning tool provides interactive classroom activities that aid in the research and creative process, as well as encourage critical thinking. The guide outlines five projects that explore cultural significance and personal awareness.

The annual Aboriginal Arts & Stories deadline is March 31. Please note that the contest accepts submissions year-round; post-deadline, submissions will be considered for the following year’s contest. The contest is open to Canadians of...
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Aboriginal Arts & Stories: Junior Writing Teacher's Guide

The Junior Writing learning tool provides interactive classroom activities that aid in the research and creative process, as well as encourage critical thinking. The guide outlines four projects that explore cultural significance and personal awareness.

The annual Aboriginal Arts & Stories deadline is March 31. Please note that the contest accepts submissions year-round; post-deadline, submissions will be considered for the following
year’s contest. The contest is open to Canadians of...
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Aboriginal Arts & Stories: Senior Art Teacher's Guide


The Senior Art learning tool provides interactive classroom activities that aid in the research and creative process, as well as encourage critical thinking. The guide outlines four projects that explore cultural significance and personal awareness.

Tapping into the creative energy of Indigenous youth is of the utmost importance in the maintenance and nurturing of Indigenous arts, and to provide youth a means to reinterpret customs with fresh trends and insights. Aboriginal Arts & Stories...
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Aboriginal Arts & Stories: Senior Writing Teacher's Guide

The Senior Writing learning tool provides interactive classroom activities that aid in the research and creative process, as well as encourage critical thinking. The guide outlines four projects that explore cultural significance and personal awareness.

The guide includes four questions that are intended to help you write your submission to Aboriginal Arts & Stories. Each question has its own topic, ways to engage with the topic, writing activities and online resources. The topics covered...
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Canadian Military Innovations Learning Tool

The Memory Project, an initiative of Historica Canada, gives veterans and current Canadian Forces members the opportunity to share their stories of military service through its online archive and volunteer speakers bureau.

Drawing on the work of the Historical Thinking Project (historicalthinking.ca), this learning tool encourages students to make connections between important Canadian military innovations throughout history and the impact of these innovations on society. Students will...
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The Cenotaph Project

The Cenotaph Project is an engaging activity that gives students an opportunity to get to know the individual men and women who served, and potentially died, in wartime. Begun by Ontario teacher Blake Seward, teachers and students nationwide have undertaken this project. The document below serves as a step-by-step guide.

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