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Research and Writing
Intermediate – Middle School
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Primary Source Pyramid

3D Pyramid: 5 Steps to Analyze Primary Sources

THE 5WS: Question the source. Who created it? When and where was it created? What is the source about? Why was the source created?
CONTEXT: Situate the source in space and time, placing it in the wider picture of history. What else was happening at the time?
EXPLORING: Examine the details of the source. What is it about? What words, images or symbols are used? What was its purpose?
REACHING CONCLUSIONS: Use context, evidence and observations to...
Intermediate – Middle School
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The Canadian Encyclopedia Teacher Guide

The Canadian Encyclopedia

The Canadian Encyclopedia is a free, bilingual resource of over 20,000 fact-checked articles and learning tools about Canada's history and culture. The Canadian Encyclopedia has hundreds of resources for teachers including timelines, quizzes and education guides covering provincial and territorial curriculum topics for social sciences & history, Indigenous studies, geography & sciences, civics and more. Visit thecanadianencyclopedia.ca.
Elementary – Primary
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Aboriginal Arts & Stories Teacher's Kit

This learning tool is intended to help teachers support their students in the Aboriginal Arts & Stories competition. Using this guide, educators can assist Indigenous youth with the creative process of developing their art and writing. It offers suggestions for dealing with sensitive issues, for motivating Indigenous students, and for encouraging youth to reflect on culture, identity and expression.


Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Newspapers

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

These worksheets accompany the video Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Newspapers, which explores two newspaper accounts from Le Canada and The Globe in the days following the Battle of Vimy Ridge.

To complete these worksheets, students may...
Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Letters

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

These worksheets accompany the video Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Letters (Francis Bathe), which explores a letter written by Francis Bathe to his sister May following his experiences at the Battle of Vimy Ridge.

To complete these...
Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Pictures

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

These worksheets accompany the video Think Like a Historian: Vimy in Pictures. This video explores the image commonly known as The Taking of Vimy Ridge.

To complete these worksheets, students may want to watch the videos more than once....
Intermediate – Middle School
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Think Like a Historian: Introduction to Vimy

To mark the centennial of the Battle of Vimy Ridge, and help educators and students think critically about primary sources, Historica Canada has created the Think Like a Historian series of videos and worksheets. The following activities provide an introduction to the Battle of Vimy Ridge and working with primary sources.
Think Like a Historian: The Battle of Vimy Ridge

To complete these worksheets, students may want to watch the videos more than once. Turning on the subtitles can help second...
Intermediate – Middle School
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Vimy 100 History Lens Tool Kit

The Vimy 100 History Lens Tool Kit is designed to help educators and
students deepen their knowledge and think critically about the Battle of
Vimy Ridge on the anniversary of its centennial. Students and teachers are
asked to reflect on the importance of Vimy Ridge to Canada’s historical
narrative, and what it means to Canada today. This learning tool includes
activities to prepare students for their trip to Vimy, to engage students
while in France, and to reflect on their visit to Vimy after...
Research and Writing
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The Essay: A Quick Glance

The introduction to the topic. It concludes with your thesis — a specific statement that you plan to prove or argue in your essay.
Research and Writing
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Research Considerations

Attached are a few useful tips to help you get the most from your time reading through books, the Internet, newspapers and magazines.
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Aboriginal Peoples: The War of 1812

The 200th anniversary of the War of 1812 presents an opportunity for Canadians to turn their attention to this significant time in the country’s history. The War of 1812 had a major impact on the future of British North America and, in particular, on the continent’s Aboriginal peoples, many of whom played an important role in protecting the Canadas (Upper and Lower Canada; now Ontario, Québec and Labrador) from American invasion.
Aboriginal Guide Cover - EN.jpg 267.45 KB
Research and Writing
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Essay Writing: Getting Started With a Thesis

One thing to remember is that an essay is a process. There are steps to follow that will help. Trying to get things done all at once will make it difficult, so try to think of your essay in small parts. This will make things easier and make the essay writing process seem less overwhelming.
Research and Writing
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Critical Thinking

It's important to understand what it is because it is essential to use critical thinking in any work you do in school.

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